Oncology is a department of medicine that deals with the prevention, analysis, and treatment of cancer. This department has three main areas, medical, radiation, and surgical. A medical oncologist treats cancer through chemotherapy, and a surgical oncologist treats disease by removing the tumor and several tissues. Lastly, a radiation oncologist uses radiation therapy.
Surgical oncology is a part of the operation applied to oncology. The most common surgeries performed by the oncologists at Midhacare include:
Curative surgery is mostly known as primary surgery or tumor removal surgery. The surgeons commonly use this surgery for localized cancer. Curative surgery primarily aims to remove the malignant tissues or cancerous organs to cure the disease. To extract the tumor, ultimately, some healthy tissues and lymph nodes are also ejected. Before the surgery, the patient may undergo chemotherapy or radiation to cause cancer to shrink.
Laser surgery helps to shrink the tumor or destroy its growth entirely by using a high-intensity light. This surgery is a cure to basal skin cancers, cervical or lung cancer at a very early stage.
Reconstructive surgery helps to restore the functions and form of the body. For cancer patients, its central purpose is to increase the ability of other surgeons to treat cancer by giving the patients the most suitable possibility to heal.
Electrosurgery is usually a cure for people with basal cell skin cancers, warts, and moles. For this purpose, an electric current passed through an electrode, for the thermal destruction of the abnormally formed tissues. Common types of electrosurgeries include electrodesiccation and fulguration. The heat transferred through a wire may also from cervix and vagina which later might become cancerous
Laparoscopic surgery is also known as diagnostic laparoscopic. It is a surgical method performed in the pelvis or the abdomen. Laparoscope (a tube) moves along the abdominal walls to show images of the inner body. With a few cuts in the gut, this aids therapeutic interventions and is used to diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic pain.